Gazzapaedia

Gazza's Very Own Socio-Politico-Economic Encyclopaedia!

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A

Ability

How able an organism is to do a particular thing depends upon that organism's nature and nurture; its genetic make-up and its experiences in life, respectively.  Apart from in the case of clones (in people, for example, identical twins) -- although it is almost certain, in real life, that they will not both have the exact same experiences -- each organism is unique in both respects.  A person's ability, like any other characteristics, such as hair, eye, or skin colour, for example, are set at the instance of that person's conception.  And they are set in stone; unalterable2.  Nobody gets to choose what genetics they get, because, until they get them (when they are conceived), he or she (that person) doesn't even exist in the first place.  Additionally, a person's life experiences help or hinder him or her in what is possible for him or her to achieve.

No matter how much effort you put in to anything, you can never achieve beyond your ability.  See the 'Effort Myth' entry.

The greatest of all abilities is intelligence.

See also the 'Disability' entry.

2(of course, hair, eye, and skin colour, for example, may, to whatever extent, be outwardly changed by the use of dyes, contact lenses, or lotions, respectively -- these were simply given as examples of geneticly-encoded characteristics -- however, ability cannot be changed)

C

Capitalism

Darwinian evolution.  Organisms (people, for example) have evolved to be selfishly greedy.  Thus, each organism is dedicated to acquiring to its own exclusive benefit1 as many and as much of the resources in existence as it is able to.  (Capitalists are fond of pretending to others that it's all about effort: you get according to the effort you put in.  However, this is utterly disingenuous -- see the 'Effort Myth' entry.)  How successful any particular organism is in this depends, therefore, proportionally on how selfishly greedy it is and, given that, proportionally how able it is to actually acquire those resources.  If the organism makes it to reproduction age and reproduces, its selfish greediness and abilities are passed forward to its offspring (this is genetic inheritance).  But, not only that, acquired resources are passed forward too, being substantially invested by the organism in its offspring, giving them a 'head start' in life relative to others (for example, when a human parent pays for a private education for their children at a highly regarded educational establishment).  Upon the death of the organism, that organism's resources are inherited by the offspring, giving a further boost to their survival chances -- or, indeed, 'thrival' (as in 'thriving'; more than mere survival) relative to others.  And the cycle goes on and on, etc.  The result is a society of organisms in which each is placed somewhere on a continuous spectrum of richness of resources to that organism's exclusive benefit, relative to others.

Few, if any, countries in the world are only capitalist.  Even the 'Home of Capitalism', the USA, has a state sector of the economy.  What capitalists will not tell you is that the absolutely essential foundation of all modern economies is socialism -- see the 'Socialism' entry.

Thus, there is a spectrum in which each organism is placed relative to others, according to its richness in the resources available for its exclusive benefit, and likewise spectra on the familial, community, society, country, and global levels.

Capitalism rewards each person according to, apart from how selfishly greedy they are, how able they are.  Abilities are fundamentally genetic, so capitalism rewards according to your genetic make-up; it might as well reward each person according to any other genetic characteristics, such as hair, eye -- or skin -- colour (imagine that).

1(and that of its partner, offspring, relatives, community, society, and, in the case of people, country, where these exist; in that order, in decreasing amount, first item in that list to last -- see the 'Discrimination' entry)

D

Democracy

In a democracy, the government is the people.

In a direct democracy, the ultimate form of democracy, all decisions (within some prescribed scope which, itself, has been directly democratically agreed upon3) require the agreement of each of all of the people4.

In an indirect democracy, the people4 vote for representatives (politicians) who then make decisions on the people's behalf.  In order to be elected, a representative will present himself or herself to the electorate (voters) and offer his or her views on various issues, using available methods, such as public speeches, canvassing, leafleting, media appearances, advertising, etc.

A great many people have the illusion that they are living in a democracy, despite also having an economic system.  Economic systems put a price on everything and that determines how free your speech is, how loud your speech is, and how high up the socio-politico-economic scale your voice will find willing ears.  Remember: resources -- money -- 'talks'.

Economic systems and democracy cannot both exist at the same place and at the same time; they are mutually exclusive.  See also the 'Freedom' entry.

3(where, without which scope, there would likely be practical, logistical difficulties given the amount of issues to be considered and agreed upon and the method by which votes are cast and counted.  In this modern age of technology, particularly in terms of the Internet, mobile (cell) phone, public payment-transactioning networks, etc, this can be significantly mitigated)

4(with possible exceptions, such as in having a minimum voting age -- however every exception entails a paradox: such exceptions can only be agreed by all voters, that is, voters included in which are the very people the exception seeks to exclude from voting)

Disability

Think of 'the disabled' and you will probably conjure up images in your head of people in wheelchairs, or the blind, or deaf, etc.  In actual fact, we are all disabled, since disability is simply the opposite of ability, and we all have different abilities; this is just the same as saying (equivalent to) we all have different disabilities.

It is a moral perversion of capitalism that, in order to mitigate its effects, we are directed to identify and group together certain people -- those wheelchair-bound, blind, or deaf individuals -- the 'traditional' notions and definitions of people with disabilities, setting them apart from everyone else -- the 'abled', for, for example, the purposes of welfare provision for them by the state (socialism), but, inevitably, prompting negativity, even to abuse, towards them.

If only we saw that we are all abled -- or disabled -- to whatever extent we are (the terms are equivalent) -- each of all of us being on a continuous spectrum of ability/disability (again, the terms are equivalent), we'd have so much more a happier and peaceful society; no more 'them' and 'us'.

Discrimination (eg: racism, xenophobia, etc)

Organisms identify how closely related they are on any particular level (familial, community, etc) according to perception.  With humans, visual perception is very important, thus a person's skin colour will be an indicator of the extent that that person is genetically related (as characteristics are fundamentally encoded in an organism's genes) and, thus, the extent, if any, of entitlement to the person's support felt, in terms of whatever resources it has to invest in the other (for people, another indicator, this time auditory, is the language, dialect, and accent spoken by the other.  From prehistory, we have even consciously set ourselves together and apart in such things with the use of body paint or other bodily ornamentation -- tattoos are a modern variance; clothing can also be used to distinguish oneself and one's grouping).  But, more than this, those deemed unrelated will be actively suppressed; for example, with people, there is racism, xenophobia, etc.  It's all about helping yourself and, in diminishing proportionality, those like you, and suppressing (ultimately to extinction) those unlike you.

E

Economic System

An economic system is a system that allocates resources according to some particular criteria or other.

Economic systems may be consciously devised and implemented, or, in the case of, for example, capitalism, may simply reflect urges and drives ('human nature') (in the case of capitalism, selfish greed).

Effort Myth, The

Capitalists, and their lackey politicians, would have you believe this myth, but don't be taken in.  This is the suggestion that getting what you need and want in life is simply all about effort.  But this would only be true if everybody had the same (apart from selfish greediness) ability, whereas, in reality, in fact, each person is different -- see the 'Ability' entry.

F

Freedom

Freedom is the absence of hindrance in doing something.

A great many people have the illusion that they living in freedom, despite also having an economic system.  Economic systems put a price on everything and that determines how free your speech is, and what you are able to get in life.  Remember: resources -- money -- 'talks'.

It's simple: you cannot be living in a free country if anything you look at has a price sticker attached.

Economic systems and freedom cannot both exist at the same place and at the same time; they are mutually exclusive.  See also the 'Democracy' entry.

Freedom of Speech

Freedom of speech is the absence of hindrance in expressing your thoughts and feelings.

A great many people have the illusion that they have freedom of speech, despite also having an economic system.  Economic systems put a price on everything and that determines how free your speech is, how loud your speech is, and how high up the socio-politico-economic scale your voice will find willing ears.  Remember: resources -- money -- 'talks'.

Economic systems and freedom of speech cannot both exist at the same place and at the same time; they are mutually exclusive.  See also the 'Freedom' entry.

G

Globalisation

Increasing international trade, as a whole.  Most countries are capitalist, thus most international trade is capitalist: global capitalism.

Greed

Greed is the craving, satisfied or not, for resources in excess, in terms of quality and/or quantity, of effecting satiation of immediate needs.  Greed is essential for human progress, however there is world of difference between its two types: 'Greed: Selfish' and 'Greed: Unselfish'.  Greed, within the context of an organism, is often cited in contrast to need.

Greed: Selfish

Selfish greed is the craving, satisfied or not, for resources for oneself1 in excess, in terms of quality and/or quantity, of effecting satiation of one's1 immediate needs.  See the 'Greed: Selfish, Irony of' entry.

Greed: Selfish, Irony of

The Irony of Selfish Greed refers to the fact that although selfish greed appears to be advantageous to the selfishly greedy, it is, in fact, inherently disadvantageous to them.  This is due to the fact that in securing resources for its1 own exclusive benefit (selfish greed), the selfishly greedy denies or hinders those resources to others who could then use them to the greater benefit of the otherwise selfishly greedy1.

Greed: Unselfish

Unselfish greed is the craving, satisfied or not, for resources for everybody, in excess, in terms of quality and/or quantity, of effecting satiation of everybody's immediate needs.  Note that, for example, an individual may be unselfishly greedy towards his fellow countryman, but crave for his country, as a whole, to be selfishly greedy towards other countries.  For the ultimate in unselfish greediness, by 'everybody' is meant 'all known to exist'.

I

Intelligence

Intelligence is the greatest ability of all.

Stephen Hawking, the world-famous scientist, is severely limited physically due to his medical condition.  But that doesn't stand in the way of him exercising his brilliant mind, pushing forward the boundaries of knowledge.  And it's financially profitable for him too, him being the author of several internationally best-selling books.

Intelligence evolved and was an instant hit, developing to the level we, as humans, enjoy.  It's not surprising.  Intelligence allows you to solve problems -- and go further.  It allows you to understand things and form a knowledge upon which to base invention and construction to advantage, even to theorise the unknown.  With intelligence, you can achieve much faster than you could without it.  And you can strive in deliberate directions.  Having intelligence automatically gives you freewill -- the ability to make choices (without intelligence you would not even know that there was choice at all in the first place, being blind to all opportunity, and actions would be completely either instinctual or arbitrary, random).

N

Need

Any instance of resources being insufficient for survival.  Need, within the context of an organism, is often cited in contrast to greed.

O

Ownership (possession)

Any instance of a resource being secure against the losing of it (to others).

Mother nature laid out her bounty before us: the land, seas, fields, deserts, beasts, fowl, mountains, streams, flowers, trees, and so on.  She assigned none of this to anyone in particular; it was simply there.  Each man, according to his selfish, greedy heart, however, was driven to seize and secure as much of it as he was able, for his own, exclusive, benefit.  In that world of limited resources, thus came conflict and war, as man fought against man to increase his personal stock.  And, though, after a while, when the costs of all-out hostilities could be so great that all might perish, trade was invented, it remained war, with notes and coins the new bombs and bullets (capitalism, being a competitive system, is an example of war, from individuals within a society to inter-societal (international) conflict).  And so it continues to the present day.

As things get passed down the generations, inherited, things won, lost, seized by others, bought and sold, all are made handlers of stolen goods.  In his stealing from nature, a man steals from all others.  But it's worse than that: for, in doing this, each man steals from himself!  In demanding a price for his labours and that which he owns, so he limits their deployment.  Thus, the cancer scientist will only work to find a cure for cancer to the extent that he is paid to do so; limiting the finding of treatments and cures for a disease which he himself is as likely as anyone else to get!  And so with the pharmaceutical company providing the laboratories and associated resources!  And so we limit all human endeavour, all science and progress.  This is the Irony of Selfish Greed -- see the 'Greed: Selfish, Irony of' entry for a concise definition.  We puzzle over dilemmas of our own making such as whether to build wind farms -- a relatively cheap technology but which infrastructure blots the land or seascape -- or geothermal power -- which is relatively expensive to implement but which infrastructure can be hidden away out of sight (or nuclear -- 'environmentally clean' but also relatively expensive and with public anxieties over radiation).  Without a hint of shame, a minority of the population -- the richest -- maintaining a scarcity of resources, sanctimoniously exhort chastity and moderation in all things to the rest, while themselves happily maintaining their own state of debauchery and excess.

If only we would see sense.  There's already more than plenty for each of us on this planet, but how much more if we didn't limit ourselves the way we do.  That way, there'd be nothing to hold us back.  We could, in no time at all, be the visitors and miners of other worlds; today, as things are, we've only been able to afford the research and technology to man a flight to Mars and back, and, although we've had that knowledge and technology for a good number of years now, the idea's never, literally, got off the ground; Why?  We've made it too expensive.  Everything's too expensive.  Have you been paying attention?: think about it.  From having robotic, human-like helpers to our potential immortality.  See the 'World's Greatest-Ever Idea' entry.

But each of us would rather be selfishly greedy and aim for having it all for oneself -- a mutual exclusivity, if ever there was one -- see the 'Greed: Selfish, Irony of' entry for a concise definition.

S

Selfishness

Socialism

The absolutely essential foundation of all modern economies is socialism.

If you're a US American reading this, you'll be falling through the floor reading that.  The only problem for you, though, is: it's true.  There are big pieces of socialism in the US -- but get this: not only that, but these are essential and underpin everything -- yes: capitalism included.  Here's why.  You see, what every single society in the world fundamentally needs is an educated workforce.  Without it, progress, if any, is at a snail's pace as people are forced to constantly reinvent the wheel.  Education is not about reinventing the wheel, it is about learning about and building upon prior art, prior knowledge.  This knowledge is passed on and built upon in facilities we call schools, colleges, and universities -- any place where this takes place.  And for the best chances of maximum success, everyone must be educated at least to some modest amount.  And the only way that can be done is by the state -- socialism.  Thus, in the USA, every child is entitled to at least that modest amount of education and the vast majority of children in the USA, do, indeed, attend only a state school.  Thus educated, they are then prepared for the modern world of work or further studies.  Not only does the state provide necessary education, of course.  You can't very well attend school or learn or work if you're too ill to do so.  In other words: what every society in the world also fundamentally needs is a healthy workforce.  The USA falls behind here, not having a universal healthcare provision, but the state has spent substantially through various schemes, for example, Medicare or Medicaid.  Roads have historically been best provided and maintained by the state, if only to avoid the practical difficulties in accounting and charging for journeys made over a multitude of private highways.  National security, including the armed forces, is provided by the state.  Education, health, roads, the military: these are all the essential, big things; 'bedrock' items.  And let us not forget that the state is the provider of last resort when all else fails -- bailout billions -- trillions -- for capitalist banks -- recently, and every so often, the entire capitalist financial system, anyone?

US Americans, either ignorantly, or mischievously, often call socialism, communism.  On the ignorance side of things, some of this is likely down to the Cold War, when the USA and the USSR were striving for global supremacy -- the USSR erroneously calling itself the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics when it was, in fact, communist not socialist; hence the US confusion.  On the mischievous side of things, capitalists have a vested interest in blackening the name of their opposite and thus arch-nemesis, socialism.

T

Territoriality

Many organisms are territorial, in the traditional sense.  An organism's territory is that volume of space (includes whatever's in it) that it owns (possesses).  Humans mark their territories in various ways; one example is the graffitiing in public spaces with one's name or one's nickname ('tagging' with one's 'tag') although this is usually limited in that what is being asserted as being in one's ownership is only the right to determine who (of certain people) can enter the area (this is no different to an animal, such as a dog, urinating and defecating to mark out its territory) and, possibly also, conduct certain activities there.

W

World's Greatest-Ever Idea, The

The World's Greatest-Ever Idea is the idea to do away with having any economic system(s) whatsoever.  An exponent of this is The UK Abolish Money Organisation (external link, opens in a new window).


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